“After training on social audit I am now confident that I can conduct a social audit and see how MGNREGA is being implemented in various villages in my state. I feel I can make a difference in the lives of my community. I feel empowered and responsible.” 

Munni Devi,
a community worker and trainer of social audit
from Jehanabad, Bihar.

   
Campaign
When and where

 

The campaign will covers 20 districts across Bihar and Jharkhand through 100 social audits spanning a period of four months. The sharing and advocacy based on the campaign’s grassroots engagement will be dynamic and in real time. It will use multimedia and web-based media tools recreating the journey of the campaign through the voices of the socially exclude and the marginalized community people. 

 

 


How

 

The campaign will generate work demand from socially excluded communities; build capacity of the community ogranisations in doing social audits with a lens of social exclusion and build the process of community resource mapping.

 

The experiences of the implementation of MGNREGA in the last five years and various studies have highlighted that despite the need being at the community level, enough demand for work is not being generated from communities. 

There are several factors for this like lack of awareness of the scheme, lack of knowledge of the process for demanding work, apathy of concerned officials and Panchayat Raj Institutions in proactively encouraging demand for work and lack of identification and planning of works at the Panchayat level. 

Work demand drive in MGNREGA therefore becomes a primary step in the process of mobilizing and empowering the community to become active stakeholders.

 

Social audit

 

Though mandated in the act for making the scheme accountable and transparent, social audits have not been fully utilized. Social audits which are conducted have largely looked at the financial aspects only. They do not adopt a holistic approach.


There is also a very limited understanding among the community on the process of social audit. 

This campaign will create empowered resource persons from the community to lead the social audit process with 80 trainers who in turn will train a cadre of 250 community based individuals who will carry out the process of social audits in the field.

 


Resource Mapping

 

In its spirit the Act aims to provide livelihood security and create community assets, especially for the excluded communities. This also includes works on land belonging to Schedule Castes, Scheduled Tribes and persons with disability. The campaign will carry out 100 resource mapping exercise by trained Community Based Organisation (CBO) members from socially excluded communities. This will be facilitated by civil society partners of PACS. 

 


About

 

MGNREGA campaign in Bihar and Jharkhand is establishing a community driven process to highlight and address gaps in the flagship rural employment guarantee scheme in some of the poorest districts of the states through social audits that are informed and driven by a social exclusion perspective.

 

It is also bringing to the center stage various pathways of exclusion that exist in the implementation of the scheme. The campaign is highlighting strategies for enhancing participation by providing the community a stake in asset formation through the scheme.

 

It focused on three critical phases or processes of the scheme:

 

  • work demand generation
  • social audits
  • asset mapping

 

The campaign aims to create and establish a community driven process to address gaps in the flagship rural employment guarantee scheme. This will be conducted in some of the poorest districts of Bihar and Jharkhand through social audits that are driven by a social exclusion perspective. It will bring to center stage pathways of exclusion that exist in the implementation of the scheme. Social audits will also highlight ways and means of assessing participation and assertion of stake in the process of community assets formation that happen through the scheme.

The campaign will generate work demand from socially excluded communities; build capacity of the community organisations in doing social audits with a social exclusion lens and build process of community resource mapping.

Since the campaign seeks to impact both demand and supply aspects of the scheme, the learnings from the campaign will feed as policy advocacy to address the issue of exclusion and make the scheme effective in delivering its larger mission of transformation of rural economics and infrastructure.

The theory of change for the campaign objective is that a social audit process that is owned and carried forward by the community, institutionalised by the state administration and supported by community organisations, can substantially address the pathways of social discrimination and poor implementation of the scheme. It will directly lead to work demand generation largely by socially excluded communities, training of community mobilisers and social audits in villages to document cases of violations and gaps.